See Article History Alternative Titles: It occupies about 85 percent of the Iberian Peninsulawhich it shares with its smaller neighbour Portugal.
World Facts Europe History As for Europe, a brief chronological account of its significant events begins during prehistoric times with the emergence of Homo sapiens early manroughly 40, years ago.
Early inhabitants during the Paleolithic Age, in an effort to survive, grouped together into small societies such as bands, and subsisted by gathering plants and hunting for wild animals.
The practice of cultivating the soil, producing crops and raising livestock began in the Neolithic Age some 9, years ago; stone tools were used and people began to live in small groups, or villages.
As man continued to journey east-to-west across Eurasia a combination of Asia and Europeknowledge of tools and new methods of organization arrived; civilizations flourished as metal axes and arrowheads improved survival.
Classical Greek culture had a powerful influence on the Roman Empire, which carried a version of it to many parts of the Mediterranean region and Northern Europe. In short, the Greek culture provided the foundation of modern Western culture.
Of the great civilizations to develop in Europe, the previously mentioned Roman Empire certainly had the most lasting influence. During its often tumultuous year period of innovation, it changed the continent and had a profound and lasting influence on the development of modern architecture, language, law and religion.
In Western Europe, a wide series of tribes and tribal alliances moved into positions of power in the remnants of the former Roman Empire; small kingdoms were established, and the geography of Western Europe was about to change. The Kingdom of the Franks was a southeastern European territory inhabited and ruled by the Franks.
They would evolve into the Kingdom of France, and parts of it would morph into the Holy Roman Empire, a forerunner to the Germany we know today. Anglo-Saxons soon crossed what is now the English Channel to southern Britain and established a series of kingdoms in what would eventually develop into the Kingdom of England by AD ; years later the Kingdoms of Poland and Hungary would also take shape.
With little interest in land acquisition, the Scandinavian Norse Vikings aggressively explored Europe for trade and riches. The Normans a Viking people gave their name to Normandy, a region in northern France.
Initially emerging in the first half of the 10th century, they had a significant impact on many parts of Europe, from the Norman conquest of England to southern Italy and Sicily. By the end of the 15th century, great powers emerged in Europe, with England, France, The Netherlands, Portugal and Spain playing predominant roles in global affairs from the 15th century onward, especially after the beginning of colonialism.
The European colonial period, the s to the mids, was the era when the European powers mentioned above established colonies in Asia, Africa, and the Americas. Between the 16th and 20th centuries, European nations, at various times, controlled the Americas north and southmost of Africa, Oceania and large portions of Asia.
As people craved freedom across the globe, the European colonial era began to fall apart. Specifically the British Empire, the first genuinely global empire, began to lose its powers in Africa, India and much of the Middle East, and they soon crumbled away.
The enormous costs of both wars greatly contributed to a decline in Western European dominance in world affairs, and some Eastern European countries have not yet fully recovered.
After the Berlin Wall came down on November 9,and after the fall of the Soviet Union inEurope certainly changed for the better. As for its people, they are an innovative, optimistic and resilient group who changed our world for the better more than once, and surely they will do it again.
Europe Geography Facts For additional geography details please use the yellow navigation bar at the top of this page. Note that some stats shown below are found in European Russia, even though that landmass is geographically considered a part of Russia, an Asian country.
It is not a separate country, but rather called that because of its longterm political, cultural and geographical blending with the bordering European countries. For reference purposes it is shown above, however, the entire country as a whole is still considered part of the continent of Asia.
European Russia comprising roughly 3, sq. Its Eastern border is defined by the Ural Mountains and in the South it is defined by the border with Kazakhstan.Outline of Europe.
Jump to navigation Jump to search. The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Europe Geography of Europe. Atlas of Europe; Regions of Europe. Central Europe; Eastern Europe; Northern Europe; Southern Europe List of villages in Europe by country.
Geographic features of Europe. Kids learn about Europe and the countries of Europe. Facts such as geography, flags, maps, exports, natural resouces, and languages. Spain (Timeline of Spain) Sweden (Timeline of Sweden) Switzerland Ukraine United Kingdom (Timeline of United Kingdom) Coloring Map.
Spain: Geographical and historical treatment of Spain, Spain is a storied country of stone castles, snowcapped mountains, vast monuments, and sophisticated cities, all of which have made it a favoured travel destination.
drawing millions of visitors and retirees, especially from northern Europe. SpainEncyclopædia Britannica, Inc. A small troop of Barbary macaques lives on the tiny island of Gibraltar, between Spain and the African country of Morocco.
The waters surrounding Europe are home to a number of organisms, including fish, seaweed s, marine mammal s, and crustacean s. Europe Map. Europe is the planet's 6th largest continent AND includes 47 countries and assorted dependencies, islands and territories.
Europe's recognized surface area covers about 9,, sq km (3,, sq mi) or 2% of the Earth's surface, and about % of its land area. Spain also rules two cities in North Africa and the Canary Islands in the Atlantic.
The interior of Spain is a high, dry plateau surrounded and crisscrossed by mountain ranges. Rivers run to the coasts, creating good farmland. Still, the interior of the country gets very hot in summer and very cold and dry in the winter.
Droughts are common.