The First Phase Most products people in the industrialized nations use today are turned out swiftly by the process of mass production, by people and sometimes, robots working on assembly lines using power-driven machines. People of ancient and medieval times had no such products.
Are you sure you want to delete this answer? Yes Sorry, something has gone wrong. The Enclosure Movement was a push in the 18th and 19th centuries to take land that had formerly been owned in common by all members of a village, or at least available to the public for grazing animals and growing food, and change it to privately owned land, usually with walls, fences or hedges around it.
The most well-known Enclosure Movements were in the British Isles, but the practice had its roots in the Netherlands and occurred to some degree throughout Northern Europe and elsewhere as industrialization spread.
Some small number of enclosures had been going on since the 12th century, especially in the north and west of England, but it became much more common in the s, and in the next century Parliament passed the General Enclosure Act of and the Enclosure Act ofmaking enclosures of certain lands possible throughout England, Wales, Scotland, and Ireland.
The English government and aristocracy started enclosing land because it would allow for better raising of crops and animals particularly sheep for their wool. Large fields could be farmed more efficiently than individual plots alloted from common land.
Sheep or cattle could graze in the enclosed fields without wandering into crops; the enclosed fields also allowed for better breeding, since some wandering bull couldn't sire calves that didn't have the tender meat the breeder was striving for.
This was really the beginning of commercial farming. However, the consequence for the people who had been tilling or grazing their animals on the land was often eviction, sending many of them to slums in the cities in hopes of finding work in the low-paying factories spawned by the Industrial Revolution.
Even if they were employed on the now-enclosed land by its owner, the formerly self-supporting peasants became much more dependent on the success of the owner's farming plans as well as having more risk of eviction and lost access to places where they used to gather firewood, fruit, nuts, and other supplements to their own crops.
Landlords knew that the peasants would not give up their land voluntarily, so they appealed by petition to Parliament, a difficult and costly adventure at best. The first enclosure act was passed in but was not enforced until the s. In the ten years between andmore than acts were passed and between andParliament passed more than acts of enclosure.
While enclosure ultimately contributed to an increased agricultural surplus, necessary to feed a population that would double in the 18th century, it also brought disaster to the countryside.
Peasant formers were dispossessed of their land and were now forced to find work in the factories which began springing up in towns and cities.Documents used in researching this project.
This study has not been carried out with the rigour which would usually characterise an academic research subject.
In , I visited a friend in Oslo, in the dead of winter. I was a new Catholic then, and determined to get to Sunday mass no matter what. My friend warned me not to expect much. Nobody goes to. Aug 22, · Look at child labor laws, userac, safety laws hell unions. take a look at the recent bailouts for two of the big three auto makers chryslar and gm had to get bail outs, ford did initiativeblog.com: Resolved.
Start studying Chaper Industrialization and Nationalism in the Nineteenth Centruy. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Start studying industreal rev.
Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. how briton forced industrialization in the US.
reformers looked to fix the ill effects of industrialization with this. rise of socialism. The second way to look at this is to ask why it was so successful--why people accepted industrialization and There are two ways to interpret this question.
One is to ask why the Industrial.