Elephas Proboscidea phylogeny based on Shoshani Only when Elephas disappeared from Africa did Loxodonta become dominant once again, this time in the form of the modern species. Elephas diversified into new species in Asia, such as E.
The forest elephant is listed under African elephants as a subspecies of the African elephant Loxodonta africana. Although preliminary genetic evidence published in suggests that the African elephant may constitute two distinct species, namely the savanna elephant Loxodonta africana and the forest elephant Loxodonta cyclotis 1many conservationists believe there is as yet insufficient evidence to justify this distinction 5and that premature allocation into more than one species may leave hybrids in an uncertain conservation status 1.
For this reason, the Red List assessment is for the single species, encompassing both forest and savanna populations 1. As such, the Red List status for the forest elephant as a separate species is unknown. Top Forest elephant threats Logging in the Central African forest is one of the major threats facing the African forest elephant 8.
Although selective logging, the more prevalent form of wood extraction in Central Africa, may actually benefit forest elephants by creating more of their preferred habitat — secondary forest - the construction of roads often associated with logging operations may have a detrimental effect by making these elephants more accessible to poachers and the bushmeat and ivory trade 8.
The tusks of this species are more highly prized than that of either the Asian Elephas maximus or savanna elephant, as the ivory is harder whilst retaining its elastic properties 9.
Other threats include habitat loss through the conversion of land to agriculture and increasing competition for resources with growing human populations The logistics of policing ivory poaching in the rainforest, however, are difficult to tackle Beyond the controversy surrounding the taxonomic status of African elephants, there is a clear need for strategies aimed specifically at the forest elephant, to deal with unique factors brought about by its different habitat and largely unknown population sizes This is an encouraging step in helping to secure the future of this elusive and largely forgotten elephant.African elephants are the largest land animals in the world.
They have the largest brains in the animal kingdom, they live about as long as humans, and the largest among them can top 15, pounds – more than four times the weight of the average car!Author: The Maryland Zoo in Baltimore. Elephants are the largest land animals on Earth, though both African and Asian elephants are still threatened by human activities.
The Science Is In: Elephants Are Even Smarter Than We Realized [Video] We now have solid evidence that elephants are some of the most intelligent, . African elephant facts and pictures in an animal profile. Elephants are large mammals of the family Elephantidae and the order initiativeblog.com species are currently recognised: the African bush elephant (Loxodonta africana), the African forest elephant (L.
cyclotis), and the Asian elephant (Elephas maximus).Elephants are scattered throughout sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, and Southeast initiativeblog.comntidae is the only surviving family of the order.
Love, Life, and Elephants: An African Love Story - Kindle edition by Daphne Jenkins Sheldrick. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets.
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