Chicago style citation page

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Chicago style citation page

If you already know which system to use, follow one of the links above to see sample citations for a variety of common sources. If you are unsure about which system to use, read on.

Notes and Bibliography or Author-Date? The notes and bibliography system is preferred by many working in the humanities—including literature, history, and the arts.

Chicago-Style Citation Quick Guide

In this system, sources are cited in numbered footnotes or endnotes. Each note corresponds to a raised superscript number in the text.

Chicago-style source citations come in two varieties: (1) notes and bibliography and (2) author-date. If you already know which system to use, follow one of the links above to see sample citations for a variety of common sources. Footnotes go at the bottom of the page where the reference occurs; endnotes go on a separate page after the body of the paper. Both use the same formatting guidelines. Within the essay text: put the note number at the end of the sentence where the reference occurs, even if the cited material is mentioned at the beginning of the sentence. This manual, which presents what is commonly known as the "Turabian" citation style, follows the two CMOS patterns of documentation but offers slight modifications suited to student texts. Notes and Bibliography (NB) in Chicago style.

Sources are also usually listed in a separate bibliography. The author-date system is more common in the sciences and social sciences. Each in-text citation matches up with an entry in a reference list, where full bibliographic information is provided.

Aside from the use of numbered notes versus parenthetical references in the text, the two systems share a similar style. Follow the links at the top of this page to see examples of some of the more common source types cited in both systems.

Most authors choose the system used by others in their field or required by their publisher. Students who are unsure of which system to use will find more information here.This manual, which presents what is commonly known as the "Turabian" citation style, follows the two CMOS patterns of documentation but offers slight modifications suited to student texts.

Notes and Bibliography (NB) in Chicago style. Footnotes go at the bottom of the page where the reference occurs; endnotes go on a separate page after the body of the paper.

Both use the same formatting guidelines. Within the essay text: put the note number at the end of the sentence where the reference occurs, even if the cited material is mentioned at the beginning of the sentence. In Chicago Notes-Bibliography style, citation notes are listed numerically.

Ibid. (Latin, short for ibidem, meaning "the same place") Please note: The use of Ibid.

Notes and Bibliography or Author-Date?

is discouraged in the 17th ed. of the Chicago Manual of Style. General Formatting of the Reference List. For more detailed information see Chicago Manual of Style, The reference list provides the full details of the items you have cited in your paper.

Chicago style citation page

The Chicago Manual of Style, currently in its 16th edition, was created to help researchers properly cite their sources. There are two types of referencing styles in Chicago: 1). Notes and Bibliography and 2). In Chicago style, footnotes or endnotes are used to reference pieces of work in the text.

To cite from a source a superscript number is placed after a quote or a paraphrase. Citation numbers should appear in .

General Format // Purdue Writing Lab