Evaluating research papers is straightforward when you know how to critique. Karen Baker explains more.
Lack of description of the program being evaluated. Lack of evaluation questions to focus the report. Lack of conceptual framework needed in some cases. Methodology and Instrumentation Missing detail on methods, such as sample selection, questionnaire piloting, and administration.
Some overdependence on self-report.
Overdependence on either qualitative or quantitative data. Some questionnaires and interviews poorly constructed.
Some questionnaire items designed more for data analysis than for comprehension by respondents or for finding out what they actually think these were probably never pilot tested. Comparison study using a control group of students has very little information on the implementation of the program, except for the number of hours spent—which varies a great deal.
Data Analysis and Presentation of Results Some data collected but unreported interviews, site visits or unanalyzed analysis across classroom observations. Poor or no analysis of qualitative data, such as giving a simple list of comments.
Department of Education, In public documents NOAA has touted the B-WET evaluation as an example of the responsiveness of the agency to the national policy initiatives emphasizing rigorous evaluation.
The National Academies Press. Poor use of data from multiple sources, so that, although many different groups were surveyed, their roles and specific concerns were not made clear.
Complex statistical analysis that may be more than what is needed for the purposes of the evaluation and answering the evaluation questions. Extensive statistical analysis using national data across programs yet presented pretty much in isolation, with no evaluation questions, no discussion, and no recommendations.
Interpretation of Results and Recommendations No reflection, interpretation, or discussion of findings in ways that might help programs improve. Use of unanalyzed or unreported qualitative data to make recommendations. Evaluator so focused on the conceptual framework of the program that he or she neglects to bring forth what was actually asked of respondents and what they had to say about the program, leading to an artificial analysis of data and weak recommendations.
No recommendations presented at all. One consisted of an internal online questionnaire of 46 members of the Sea Grant Network conducted in to gather information about the programs and their needs.
The other two reports provided evaluation information on two separate teacher learning projects: What is most notable about the Sea Grant Program is the extensive formal performance monitoring process that it has developed.
The performance monitoring process is a tool used with all Sea Grant projects and activities, including those aimed at educators.
Thus, the evaluations of Sea Grant include all research and extension-related activities, which are beyond the purview of this report.For this reason, the conceptual framework of your study—the system of concepts, assumptions, expectations, beliefs, and theories that supports and informs your research—is a key part of your design (Miles & Huberman, ; Robson, ).
Literature reviews are written occasionally in the humanities, but mostly in the sciences and social sciences; in experiment and lab reports, they constitute a section of the paper. Sometimes a literature review is written as a paper in itself.
SAFe is an incremental improvement to the Framework that provides guidance on the five core competencies that help an organization become a Lean Enterprise. We have also provided new guidance for applying SAFe in a government context. Second, a focus on practices (in the plural) avoids the mistaken impression that there is one distinctive approach common to all science—a single “scientific method”—or that uncertainty is .
AN INTEGRATIVE LITERATURE REVIEW FRAMEWORK FOR POSTGRADUATE NURSING RESEARCH REVIEWS Christmals, Christmal Dela University of Witwatersrand SOUTH AFRICA Gross, Janet J.
Morehead State University (USA), Integrative Review Research Framework for a Master’s Degree Research Report. The Legal Framework is a statewide leadership project partnering the Texas Education Agency and Region 18 Education Service Center.
The project which includes contacts from each educational service center is a compilation of state and federal requirements for special education organized by topic in a user-friendly format.