From the first days of the agora in Greece where bustling trade occurred to the Place Royale in Paris where political revolution took place, general public space has been at the key of many places' most important happenings. The key functions of open public space have the capacity to radically change with the passing of time. The squares and roadways of towns have historically been strongly tied to market segments and business but worrying fads of serving business instead of community are growing.
A large number of workers including small children are exposed to different dismantling activities of e-waste. Although findings of these studies cannot be generalized to India but these are enough to alarm and strongly suggest to be replicating in occupational settings in India.
There are no data available about the health implications of these workers. They might be ruining their lives in the lack of appropriate knowledge.
In another study from China, human scalp hair samples were collected to find out heavy metal exposure to workers from intense e-waste recycling sites. Higher concentrations of Pb, Cu, Mn, and Ba metals were found in hair of exposed as compared to the hair in control group. Recycling and treatment facilities require a high initial investment, particularly those fitted with technologically advanced equipments and processes.
For such a small amount, workers ruin their lives. Therefore, health risk assessments are also required for the analysis of the consequences and of inappropriate management of end-of-life electronic wastes in developing countries.
Polluter pays is also known as extended producer responsibility EPR. Under the Environment Protection Actcentral and state governments can enact legislations to safeguard the environment and people from exposure to toxic and hazardous nature of waste.
Any violation of the provision of this act or notified rules is liable for punishment. CPCB India is finalizing the set of rules and most recently issued a formal set of guidelines for proper and eco-friendly handling and disposal of the electronic waste.
The Ministry of Environment and Forests is now processing the rules framed by electronics equipment manufacturers with the help of NGOs. As an effort to make the users aware of the recycling of e-waste, many electronic companies such as Apple, Dell, and HP have started various recycling schemes.
The program encouraged mobile phone users to dispose of their used handsets and accessories, irrespective of the brand, at any of the 1, green recycling bins put up across the priority dealers and care centers.
Nokia is also planning to launch an electronic waste management program. The Department of Environment, Delhi government, has also decided to involve ragpickers in general waste management in the capital.
These ragpickers will be trained, given uniforms, ID cards, and hired to clean waste. The department also intends to involve eco-clubs, now running in over 1, government and private schools in the Capital, in this initiative since it is these eco-clubs that will be interacting with ragpickers of that particular area.
The valuable data will be generated by these studies that would help in drafting an action plan for e-waste management. India should start a surveillance system for diseases and health consequences of e-waste. The sustainability of e-waste management systems has to be ensured by improving the collection and recycling systems.
It would be desirable to establish public-private partnerships in setting up buy-back or drop-off centers. Levying advance recycling fees is another approach to ensure waste management sustainability.
To identify best e-waste management technologies across the globe and adopt them successfully can be key to a sustainable futuristic growth.On a recent winter morning, the road out of Varanasi, India’s holiest city, was a swirl of exhaust fumes and construction dust.
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The study applied the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) model to predict school students’ recycling intentions in Delhi, the capital of India and one of the highest producers of municipal .
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Print Reference this Mumbai and New Delhi have appeared to be in the list of 25 Most Dirtiest Cities in The World. Furthermore the insufficiency municipal solid waste collection and improper segregation of municipal solid waste and improper processing of solid waste can also.
Municipal solid waste management (MSWM), a critical element towards sustainable metropolitan development, comprises segregation, storage, collection, relocation, carry-age, processing, and dis- posal of solid waste to minimize its adverse impact on environment.