More than a million Americans have heart attacks each year.
They may measure your blood pressure as well. Blood tests can also be used to check for proteins that are associated with heart damage, such as troponin. Other diagnostic tests include: Heart attacks require immediate treatment, so most treatments begin in the emergency room. A minimally invasive procedure called angioplasty may be used to unblock the arteries that supply blood to the heart.
During an angioplasty, your surgeon will insert a long, thin tube called a catheter through your artery to reach the blockage. They will then inflate a small balloon attached to the catheter in order to reopen the artery, allowing blood flow to resume. Your surgeon may also place a small, mesh tube called a stent at the site of the blockage.
The stent can prevent the artery from closing again. Your doctor may also want to perform a coronary artery bypass graft CABG in some cases.
In this procedure, your surgeon will reroute your veins and arteries so the blood can flow around the blockage. A CABG is sometimes done immediately after a heart attack. A number of different medications can also be used to treat a heart attack: Blood thinners, such as aspirinare often used to break up blood clots and improve blood flow through narrowed arteries.
Thrombolytics are often used to dissolve clots. Antiplatelet drugs, such as clopidogrel, can be used to prevent new clots from forming and existing clots from growing. Nitroglycerin can be used to widen your blood vessels. Beta-blockers lower your blood pressure and relax your heart muscle.
This can help limit the severity of damage to your heart.
ACE inhibitors can also be used to lower blood pressure and decrease stress on the heart. Pain relievers may be used to reduce any discomfort you may feel. What can be expected after treatment? Your chances of recovering from a heart attack depend on how much damage there is to your heart and how quickly you receive emergency care.
The sooner you receive treatment, the more likely you are to survive. This can lead to heart failure. Heart damage also increases your risk of developing abnormal heart rhythms, or arrhythmias.
Your risk of having another heart attack will be higher as well. Most people are able to resume their normal activities after a heart attack. Your doctor will help you develop a specific plan for recovery.
You may be required to take medications or undergo a cardiac rehabilitation program. This type of program can help you slowly regain your strength, teach you about healthy lifestyle changes, and guide you through treatment.
How can acute myocardial infarction be prevented? One way to lower your risk is to eat a heart-healthy diet. This diet should largely consist of:Fast facts on heart attacks: During a heart attack, the heart muscle loses blood supply and is damaged. Chest discomfort and pain are common symptoms.
The risk of a heart attack increases when a man is over 45 and a woman is over Smoking and obesity are .
Atherosclerosis usually doesn’t cause symptoms until middle or older age. They could also lower your risk of heart attack and stroke. diagnosis or treatment. Heart Attack And Stroke Symptoms Volunteer Learn more about the treatment of heart attack.
Additional questions for your doctor. Doctors are busy, but they really want to help you. Here are some examples of questions heart attack patients often have during the heart attack diagnosis process.
What kind of heart attack did I have? The Facts. The heart is one of the largest muscles in the body. The wall of the heart is the muscle that does the pumping, and it is called the myocardium. In a heart attack, this muscle tissue is denied oxygen-carrying blood due to a blocked artery. Heart Attack symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment: A heart attack is a fatal condition that occurs due to the reduced blood flow caused by blockage of the arteries that supply blood to the heart.
The diagnosis of the heart attack is based on your symptoms and test results. The goal of treatment is to treat you quickly and limit heart muscle damage. Tests to Diagnose a Heart Attack.