His father Maharihi Devendranath Tagore was a rich man and an aristocrat and his mother was Sarada Devi. He was the eighth son and fourteenth child of his parents. Rabindranath Tagore was not sent to any school. He was educated at home by a tutor.
With his deep interest in English literature, particularly in the poetry of Blake, Shelley and other Romantics and with his frequent visits to England and Europe, Tagore developed a taste for writing creatively in English. More importantly, Tagore became one of the greatest links between the East and the West, for the great internationalist that he was, he shared the internationalism of men like Romain Rolland and constantly dreamt of and spoke about a world society and a new humanity.
Tagore was a very prolific writer who enriched our literature with numerous poems, plays, short-stories, novels and other prose writings. Though Tagore never involved himself in active politics, he remained an ardent patriot and nationalist and a friend of Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru.
These songs when read out by W. Yeats to a select gathering of such distinguished poets as Ezra Pound, C. The work eventually won the Nobel Prize for literature.
The Gitanjali songs may be considered as a twentieth century manifestation of the great bhakti tradition in Indian poetry, a tradition in which the Vaishnava and Saiva poets of old sang, pouring forth their love of God expressing the joy and ecstasy they experienced in their communion with the Divine.
Write a biography on rabindranath tagore gitanjali can see in these songs a revival of the bhakti tradition, the kind of revival brought about by Ramananda in the North and Ramanuja in the South and again by Kabir under the influence of the former and in reaction to the dry intellectualism of the Vedanta philosophy.
Like the Vaishnava lyrics of Jayadev and the devotional songs of Kabir, both of whom had influenced Tagore in a very profound way, Gitanjali songs are inspired by what may be called the mystical religion of love. In the words of Dr. His poems have led him to God.
The poems have to be studied carefully against this background, not missing at the same time the subtle echoes and reverberations from the English Romantic and mystic poets which one finds in them especially in the treatment of Nature.
It is significant that Tagore took upon himself the task of translating the poems of Kabir which suited admirably well the genius that produced the Gitanjali songs. All these are very much in the bhakti tradition.
They are religious but not in a narrow sense. All these works have to be studied together and an attempt has been made here to initiate the student into a brief but profitable study of Gitanjali and the Kabir poems in juxtaposition.
Thou have made me endless, such is thy pleasure. This frail vessel thou emptiest again and again, and fillest it ever with fresh life. This little flute of a reed thou hast carried over hills and dales, and hast breathed through it melodies eternally new.
At the immortal touch of thy hands my little heart loses its limits in joy and gives birth to utterance ineffable. Thy infinite gifts come to me only on these very small hands of mine.
Ages pass, and still thou pourest, and still there is room to fill. When thou commandest me to sing it seems that my heart would break with pride; and I look to thy face, and tears come to my eyes. All that is harsh and dissonant in my life melts into one sweet harmony — and my adoration spreads wings like a glad bird on its flight across the sea.
I know thou takest pleasure in my singing. I know that only as a singer I come before thy presence. I touch by the edge of the far spreading wing of my song thy feet which I could never aspire to reach. Drunk with the joy of singing 1 forget myself and call thee friend who art my lord.
I know not how thou singest, my master! I ever listen in silent amazement. The light of thy music illumines the world. The life breath of thy music runs from sky to sky. The holy stream of thy music breaks through all stony obstacles and rushes on.
My heart longs to join in thy song, but vainly struggles for a voice. I would speak, but speech breaks not into song, and I cry out baffled.
Ah, thou hast made my heart captive in the endless meshes of thy music, my master! This is a song of thanksgiving in which the speaker expresses his gratitude to God for reviving his life endlessly, filling his frail being with infinite gifts.
Such is thy pleasure: There is a possible reference here to the great pleasure or ananda which God finds in the lila of creation. This ananda which according to Hindu belief is the ultimate secret of all creation also seems to be the secret behind the creative energy bursting out in all these songs.
This frail vessel, this little flute of a reed, my little heart, these very small hands of mine: And eternity in an hour. This is a song of pure praise which comes under Kirtana, one of the nine forms in which devotion or bhakti is articulated.
The speaker seems to be intoxicated with the joy of praising God.Chapter: 1 My Parents and Early Life My Parents and Early Life.
T he characteristic features of Indian culture have long been a search for ultimate verities and the concomitant disciple-guru 1 relationship. My own path led me to a Christlike sage whose beautiful life was chiseled for the ages.
RABINDRANATH TAGORE BIO.
HOME; ABOUT THE RABINDRANATH TAGORE LITERARY PRIZE. AWARDING COMMITTEE ; OUR MISSION; Rabindranath Tagore, Bengali Rabīndranāth Ṭhākur, (born May 7, , Calcutta The son of the religious reformer Debendranath Tagore, he early began to write verses, and.
Short Biography Rabindranath Tagore. Rabindranath was born on 7 May Calcutta. Rabindranath began writing from an early age and impressed with his free-flowing style and spontaneous compositions.
Tagore was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature for his work ‘Gitanjali‘ This made his writings internationally known and his . Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss the Austrian princess Maria Antonia, child bride of the future French King Louis XVI.
Their marriage was an attempt to bring about a major change in the balance of power in Europe and to undermine the influence of Prussia and Great Britain, but she had no say in the matter and was the pawn of her mother, the Empress Maria Theresa. I am writing about the said question after having read almost all the answers already posted for it.
All of them are fantastic. Each represents the mind of the reader as well as what they have understood by the phrase “expansion of mind” as requested by the question.. Before delving into my bit I would put forth two thoughts which come to my mind as of now.
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela born 18 July is a South African politician who was the President of South Africa from to , the first ever to be elected in a fully representative and multi-racial election.
His administration focused on dismantling the legacy of apartheid, as .