Prepare an article on the outcomes of your research. Usually the early phases of a graduate program proceed in clear and very structured ways. The beginning phases of a graduate program proceed in much the same manner as an undergraduate degree program. There are clear requirements and expectations, and the graduate student moves along, step by step, getting ever closer to the completion of the program.
One of the most important of these is that raising the level of literacy for children is an act of social justice. John Dewey, one of the founders of Teachers College, wrote: Our work aims to prepare kids for any reading and writing task they will face or set themselves, to turn them into life-long, confident readers and writers who display agency and independence in their future endeavors.
That is, our aims reach beyond state testing and fulfillment of tasks for schools. We aim to strengthen a generation of readers and writers.
To achieve these goals, the Reading and Writing Project supports teachers, administrators, and school change agents with professional development, curriculum, and instructional methods.
The work of the Reading and Writing Project is informed by research in all of these areas as well as the more specialized categories of literacy.
Turning children into readers through an emphasis on a high volume of high-success, high- interest reading: TCRWP reading instruction relies on research that shows that kids need to read a lot of texts, with high comprehension, in order to move up levels of text complexity.
TCRWP reading workshops are structured to allow for students to read eyes on print every day for minutes in the reading workshop. Volume is vigilantly watched. Anderson, Wilson, and Fielding researched the relationship between the amount of reading done and reading achievement.
More recently, in her article, Independent Reading and School Achievement, Cullinan reviewed the research on the effects of independent reading for the purpose of informing policy makers, curriculum developers, parents, teachers, and librarians about the importance of independent reading and programs that support it.
The review concludes that independent reading, defined as the reading students choose to do, supports learning and school achievement.
Providing students with protected reading time is necessary in order to support their growth in reading. Teachers re-assess often with informal running records in independent reading novels and many schools conduct more formal running records least times a year. Teachers closely monitor both reading volume and progress up levels.
Multiple studies have found specifically that matching readers to texts supports growth in reading.
There is little research available, however, to support the idea of readers reading texts which are too challenging for them. The authors review research on text complexity and learning to read and come away with two major conclusions: The authors conclude by contending that in order for students to become proficient readers, they must read texts which match their independent reading levels.
To progress as readers, readers must have ample time to read a lot and they must have texts they can read independently. The following are some of the sources we recommend consulting to learn more about the research in this area: What research says about text complexity and learning to read.
The Reading Teacher, pp. What really matters for struggling readers: Designing research-based programs 3rd ed. Growth in reading and how children spend their time outside of school.
Reading Research Quarterly, 23, Lessons learned from three PISA countries. Journal of Adolescent and Adult Literacy, 51 4 Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 54, Independent reading and school achievement.
School Library Media Research, 3, An effective tutoring intervention model for language minority students who are struggling readers in first grade.
American Educational Research Journal, 44 2 New directions for teachers and researchers. International Reading Association Moss, B. Creating lifelong readers through independent reading. Motivating students to read: Evidence for classroom practices that increase motivation and achievement.
Teaching reading to poor readers in the intermediate grades:Prevention and Intervention of Writing Difficulties for Students with Learning Disabilities. By: Integration of writing activities across the curriculum and the use of reading to support writing development. plan writing lessons so that all children can accomplish tasks successfully; and build a positive relationship with each child.
See Chapter initiativeblog.com for additional guidance on the mentoring and data management plan requirements for collaborative proposals.
NSF will combine the proposal submission for printing or electronic viewing. To submit the collaborative proposal, the following process must be completed: 29 (i) Each non-lead organization must assign their proposal a proposal PIN.
Quantitative methods emphasize objective measurements and the statistical, mathematical, or numerical analysis of data collected through polls, questionnaires, and surveys, or by manipulating pre-existing statistical data using computational initiativeblog.comtative research focuses on gathering numerical data and generalizing it across groups of people or to explain a particular phenomenon.
An ability and capacity acquired through deliberate, systematic, and sustained effort to smoothly and adaptively carryout complex activities or job functions involving ideas (cognitive skills), things (technical skills), and/or people (interpersonal skills). See also competence. Research Activities Plan.
VOWTAP Research Activities Plan; Appendix A Agency Correspondence ; Appendix B CVA Nomination (Confidential – Not for public distribution). WritingFix: Quality Teaching Resources for K strategically de signed lessons to help "fix" teachers who don't enjoy teaching writing.
How this website came to initiativeblog.com how you can help keep it online and free-to-use: Teachers should share with each other, and the Internet is the perfect tool for promoting sharing.
My name is Corbett Harrison, and in I bought this domain name--WritingFix.